Management of Machines and Materials
Q.1 (a) Explain different types of production systems giving suitable examples.
(b) Elaborate various situations which lead to a study of facility location. Give examples.
Q.2. (a) Discuss basic Material Handling Systems giving their area of application. List the objectives of material handling.
(b) Explain steps in any work study procedure.
Q.3. (a) Discuss different environmental factors that affect productivity of a labour. How do you improve it?
(b) Explain DARSIRI method and Fast diagram as tools of Value Engineering.
Q.4. (a) Explain “Codification” and “ Standardization” Give few codification systems.
(b) Discuss different stores accounting systems. Give their application in actual usage.
Q.5. Write short notes on any three of the following:
(a) Aggregate Planning
(b) Vendor Evaluation and Rating
(C ) Job Evaluation
(d) Material Requirement Planning
(e) A-B-C and F-S-N analysis.
(f) Control Charts
(a) Identify three disciplines/sub-disciplines that will contribute in a major way t the development of Production & Operations Management (POM).
(b) Describe various types of production systems in detail.
Describe the product selection process, with the help of an example, of new small car.
(a) What is the difference among job enrichment, job enlargement and job rotation? Give suitable examples.
(b) Describe the procedure of work sampling. How can standard time be calculated by using a work-sampling study?
What do you mean by Assembly-Line Balancing? Describe the procedure of Kenbridge and Western with the help of an example.
(a) Briefly describe the phases of Value Engineering Job Plan given by Mudge.
(b)“Inventory Management for the slow moving expensive items shall focus more on lead-time reduction than anything else” Please comment.
(a) Which factors influence the decision to choose a new location of plant? What are the objectives of plant layout?
(b)Differentiate between Wastivity and productivity. Explain whether reducing wastivity and increasing productivity imply one and the same thing.
Describe the ferms “Acceptance Sampling” and “Sampling Plans”. What is an Operating Characteristics Curve? Hw is it constructed?
(a) Explain the objectives of Operations Management. How does a service organisation fix its performance objectives?
(b) Discuss, with suitable examples, the process of launching a new product in the market.
(a) You have been retained as a consultant for establishment f a steel plant. Discuss at least ten important factor that you consider are relevant for locating a steel plant. Give examples.
(b) Explain various factors that govern the design of any layout of plant? Give examples.
(a) Explain different steps of Method Study? How does it help in improving productivity of an organisation?
(b) What do you mean by Ergonomics ? Discuss briefly design of equipments as related to it.
(a) Explain the concept of Value Engineering. What is a Fast diagram? Give example.
(b) Discuss briefly A-B-C and V-F-D analysis. Suggest the application of F-S-N analysis in some organisation.
Q.17. Write notes on any three of the following:
(i) Standardisation and Codification
(ii) Operating Characteristic Curve
(iii) Tero Technology
(iv) Line balancing
Construct a flow Process Chart (Material Type) assuming at least 10 activities.
Q.19. In the age of information explosion, role of Operation Manager has become very crucial.” Explain this statement Discuss the objectives of Operation Management.
(a) Explain different types of facility layout concepts.
(b) Discuss the importance of material handling giving suitable examples.
(a) Explain Flow Process Chart and Multiple Activity Chart with example.
(b) List down the principles of Motion economy as related to design of work-place and design of equipments.
(a) Explain pure Strategies as referred in context of Aggregate Planning. What do you mean by Seasonal Index ?
(b) Discuss Condition based Maintenance and Corrective Maintenance giving suitable examples.
Q.23. Write notes on
(i) Inventory Control Techniques
(ii) Different Types of Tenders
(iii) Value Analysis
(iv) O-C (Operating Characteristics) Curve
(a) Discuss the importance of Standardisation codification and Variety Reduction.
(b) Discuss Therbligs and its application.
Q.25. Discuss the role of Operation Manager in today’s context. Do you agree that Operations Management is a Multi Disciplinary function? Discuss.
Q.26.(a) Explain two techniques of work measurement giving suitable examples. How do you use work measurement technique of productivity improvement?
(b) Discuss different types of production systems giving few examples.
(c) Explain Delhi technique of forecasting.
(d) Explain different types of maintenance giving suitable examples.
(e) Suggest an organisation structure for the maintenance department of a medium-sized company.
Q.27.(a) Explain the following:
Stores location, Stores layout, Stores accounting, Stores safety.
(b) Discuss briefly the advantages of Standardisation, Codification and Variety reduction.
(c) Explain Scrap, Surplus and Obsolete management giving examples.
(a) Discuss various steps involved in method study giving suitable examples. How does it help in productivity enhancement?
(b ) Explain Value Engineering giving its area of application in some industry which you are aware of .
Q.29. (a) Discuss the concept of Systems Life Cycle, give examples.
(b) Explain different types f production systems giving their application area.
Q.30. (a) Explain the space determination and area allocation in context of facilities layout.
(b) Discuss the impact of product innovation on process innovation giving suitable examples.
Q.31. Explain Work Study approach, Prepare a two hand process chart giving at least ten activities. Discuss stop watch time study method and show how do you calculate standard time to complete a job.
Q.32. (a) Explain various functions of a stores manager. Give examples.
(b) Explain a suitable organisation structure for stores. What are the advantages of a centralised stores organisation?
Q.33. Write short notes on:
- Line balancing
- Quality Management
- Maintenance Management
- Waste Management
Discuss purchase function of any organisation. Explain Vendor evaluation and rating. Give examples.
Q.35. Discuss various Operation Management decisions. How are long term and short term decisions integrated? Give examples.
(a) Discuss Product development and Product design giving suitable examples.
(b) Explain different situations when we have t decide for a new facility location. Explain with examples.
(a) Discuss various environmental factors that affect productivity of a labour. How can you improve these ? Give examples.
(b) Explain work sampling procedure how do you calculate number of observations to be taken?
(a) Discuss three control charts that are used in process control.
(b) Discuss the importance of Value Engineering in modern day organisations. What are the different phases of Value Engineering study?
(a) Explain Standardisation, codification and variety reduction giving examples.
(b) Discuss vendor evaluation and rating. Give a list of factors to be considered.
(a) Explain the importance of waste management. How do you dispose scarp, surplus and obsolete item? Define wastivity.
(b) Explain the line balancing concept giving suitable examples.
(a) Explain the different operational decisions in Operations Management.
(b) Discuss the role of scientific methods in Operations Management.
(A) Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of continuous and batch processing.
(b) Discuss with examples, the process for capacity planning.
- Explain the steps of Method Study. What is a two hand process chart? Give an example.
- Discuss the use of Work Sampling in Work Study. How do you calculate the number of observations to be taken/
(a) Explain the concept of the balancing giving examples.
(b) Discuss the various types of maintenance. What do you mean by Signature Analysis?
(a) “Value Engineering is an important tool to improve productivity,” Explain.
(b) Explain Quality Assessment, Quality Control, Quality Assurance and Quality Circles.
(a) Discuss the various functions of stores. Explain the different storage systems.
(b) Explain ABC, VED and FSN analysis, giving examples.
- Discuss various objectives of Operations Management.
- What do you mean by an integrated approach to materials management? Explain.
- Explain various key elements that should be considered in product design.
- What are the various factors that govern the design of plant layout?
(a) What are the various techniques of work measurement? Discuss pre-determined motion time system.
(b) What do you mean by Human Engineering ? What environmental factors need to be considered while developing a new method.?
(a) Explain failure analysis and its use in industry.
(b) “Aggregate planning helps us in smooth control of production” Explain What are pure strategies?
(a) What do you mean by ‘Value’? What are the different types of values ? Discuss FAST diagrams, pointing out their relevance in design improvements.
(b) What is the cost of quality? Explain acceptance sampling. Discuss sampling plans.
(a) What are the different approaches for timing of purchases? How do you determine price of a product?
(b) Discuss advantages of codification Standardisation and variety reduction.